Child abuse - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic - Deepstash
Wary of child abuse- it can happen right under your nose.

Any intentional harm or mistreatment to a child under 18 years old is considered child abuse. Child abuse takes many forms, which often occur at the same time.

  • Physical abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Emotional abuse
  • Medical abuse
  • Neglect

It is sad that in many cases, child abuse is done by someone the child knows and trusts — often a parent or other relative. If you suspect child abuse, report the abuse to the proper authorities.

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Red flags that indicates child abuse:

A child who's being abused may feel guilty, ashamed or confused. He or she may be afraid to tell anyone about the abuse, especially if the abuser is a parent, other relative or family friend. That's why it's vital to watch for red flags, such as:

  • Unexplained injuries, such as bruises, fractures or burns
  • Injuries that don't match the given explanation
  • Wearing full sleeved shirts or sweaters on a hot day

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  • Sexual behavior or knowledge that's inappropriate for the child's age
  • Pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection
  • Blood in the child's underwear
  • Statements that he or she was sexually abused- believe them
  • Inappropriate sexual contact with other children

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Emotional abuse signs:
  • Delayed or inappropriate emotional development
  • Loss of self-confidence or self-esteem
  • Social withdrawal or a loss of interest or enthusiasm
  • Depression
  • Avoidance of certain situations, such as refusing to go to school or ride the bus
  • Desperately seeks affection
  • A decrease in school performance or loss of interest in school
  • Loss of previously acquired developmental skills

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Signs of neglect
  • Poor growth or weight gain or being overweight
  • Poor hygiene
  • Lack of clothing or supplies to meet physical needs
  • Taking food or money without permission
  • Hiding food for later
  • Poor school attendance
  • Lack of appropriate attention for medical, dental or psychological problems or lack of necessary follow-up care

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  • Shows little concern for the child
  • Appears unable to recognize physical or emotional distress in the child
  • Blames the child for the problems
  • Consistently belittles or berates the child, and describes the child with negative terms, such as "worthless" or "evil"
  • Expects the child to provide him or her with attention and care and seems jealous of other family members getting attention from the child
  • Uses harsh physical discipline
  • Severely limits the child's contact with others
  • Offers conflicting or unconvincing explanations for a child's injuries or no explanation at all

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