History Timelines of Events provide fast facts and information about famous events in history. 

  • Many historical events, such as detailed in the History of Medicine timeline, occurred during times of crisis or evolution or change. 
  • Many of the famous World events as detailed in the History of Medicine timeline describe famous, critical, and major incidents. 
  • The History of Medicine timeline provides fast information via timelines that highlight the key dates and major historical significance in a fast information format.

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History of Medicine Timeline

datesandevents.org

  • 500 BC Alcmaeon of Croton distinguished veins from arteries
  • 460 BC Birth of Hippocrates, the Greek father of medicine begins the scientific study of medicine and prescribes a form of aspirin
  • 300 BC Diocles wrote the first known anatomy book
  • 280 BC Herophilus studies the nervous system

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  • 130 AD Birth of Galen. Greek physician to gladiators and Roman emperors
  • c60AD Pedanius Dioscorides writes De Materia Medica
  • 1010 Avicenna writes The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine
  • 1249 Roger Bacon invents spectacles
  • 1489 Leonardo da Vinci dissects corpses
  • 1543 Vesalius publishes findings on human anatomy in De Fabrica Corporis Humani
  • 1590 Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope
  • 1796 Edward Jenner develops the process of vaccination for smallpox, the first vaccines for any disease

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  • 1818 James Blundell performs the first successful transfusion of human blood
  • 1842 Crawford W. Long uses either as a general anesthetic
  • 1844 Dr. Horace Wells uses nitrous oxide as an anesthetic
  • 1846 William Morton, a dentist, is the first to publish the process of using anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide
  • 1847 Ignaz Semmelweis discovers how to prevent the transmission of puerperal fever

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  • 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell is the first woman to gain a medical degree from Geneva Medical College in New York
  • 1857 Louis Pasteur identifies germs as clause of disease
  • 1867 Joseph Lister develops the use of antiseptic surgical methods and publishes Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery
  • 1870 Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur establish the germ theory of disease
  • 1879 First vaccine developed for cholera
  • 1881 First vaccine developed for anthrax by Louis Pasteur
  • 1882 First vaccine for developed for rabies by Louis Pasteur

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  • 1887 First contact lenses developed
  • 1890 Emil von Behring discovers antitoxins and develops tetanus and diphtheria vaccines
  • 1895 Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovers X-rays
  • 1896 First vaccine developed for typhoid fever
  • 1897 First vaccine developed for Bubonic plague
  • 1899 Felix Hoffman develops aspirin

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  • 1935 First vaccine developed for yellow fever
  • Percy Lavon Julian synthesized the medicines physostigmine for glaucoma and cortisone for rheumatoid arthritis
  • 1937 First vaccine developed for typhus
  • Bernard Fantus pioneers the use of the first blood bank in Chicago
  • 1942 Doctor Karl Theodore Dussik publishes the first paper on medical ultrasonic - ultrasound
  • 1943 Selman A. Waksman discovers the antibiotic streptomycin
  • 1945 First vaccine developed for influenza
  • 1950 John Hopps invented the first cardiac pacemaker

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  • 1952 Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker
  • Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine
  • 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick work on the structure of the DNA molecule
  • 1954 Gertrude Elion patented a leukemia-fighting drug
  • Dr. Joseph E. Murray performs the first kidney transplant

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  • 1955 Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine
  • 1963 Thomas Fogarty invented the balloon embolectomy catheter
  • 1967 First vaccine developed for mumps
  • Dr. Christian Bernard performs the first human heart transplant
  • 1970 First vaccine developed for rubella
  • 1974 First vaccine developed for chicken pox
  • 1975 Robert S. Ledley invents CAT-Scans
  • 1977 First vaccine developed for pneumonia
  • 1978 First test-tube baby is born
  • First vaccine developed for meningitis

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  • 1981 First vaccine developed for hepatitis B
  • 1983 HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified
  • 1984 Alec Jeffreys devises a genetic fingerprinting method
  • 1985 Willem J. Kolff invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine
  • 1992 First vaccine developed for hepatitis A
  • 1996 Dolly the sheep becomes the first clone
  • 2006 First vaccine to target a cause of cancer

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