The Psychoanalytic School of Thought - Deepstash

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The Psychoanalytic School of Thought

Psychoanalysis emphasises the influence of the unconscious mind on behaviour.
Sigmund Freud found this school of thought. He believed that the mind was composed of three elements that interacted to create complex human behaviours:

  • Id consists of primal urges.
  • Ego is the part of personality that deals with reality.
  • Superego is the component that holds all of the ideals and values we internalise from our parents and culture.

Major thinkers include Anna Freud, Carl Jung, and Erik Erickson.

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Cognitive School of Psychology

  • Cognitive psychology studies mental processes, including how people think, perceive, remember, and learn. It is related to other disciplines such as neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics.
  • This branch of psychology emerged during the 1950s as a response to behav...

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Psychology: Early Schools of Thought

  • Structuralism was the first school of thought and focused on breaking down mental processes into their most basic elements using techniques such as introspection. Major thinkers are Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener.
  • Functionalism...

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Gestalt Psychology

  • This school of psychology is based on the idea that we experience things as unified wholes.
  • The approach started in the late 19th century in response to the molecular approach of structuralism.
  • Instead of breaking down thoughts and behaviour to their smal...

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When Psychology Became A Separate Scientific Discipline

When Psychology Became A Separate Scientific Discipline

When psychology developed as a science that was separate from biology and philosophy, they did not know how to describe the human mind and behaviour.

Different schools of psychology emerged that represent major theories within psychology. At first, psychologists identified...

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The Behaviourist School of Thought

  • Behaviourism suggests that all behaviours can be explained by environmental causes. It includes classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
  • This school of thought became dominant in the 1950s and had a significant influence on the course of psychology.

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The Humanistic School of Thought

  • Humanistic psychology is a response to psychoanalysis and behaviourism and focuses on individual free will, personal growth, and self-actualisation.
  • This school of thought is focused on helping people achieve and fulfil their potential. It had a huge influence on ...

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Personality Psychology: Important Terminology

Personality Psychology: Important Terminology

  • Classical conditioning: A behavioural technique where a natural stimulus is paired with a previously neutral stimulus. The previously neutral stimulus eventually cause the response without pairing it to the natural stimulus.
  • Operant conditioning: A...

Parts Of Our Personality, According To Freud

Our Personality, according to Sigmund Freud, has three components:

  1. The Ego: The main conscious component of the brain that acts as an interface between reality and the other two aspects of our personality listed below.
  2. The Id: The invisible,...

The Ego In Psychology

Psychology defines ego as a neutral concept which is one of many aspects of ourselves. The ego is then simply one’s individuality, the thoughts, behaviours and experiences that make a person unique. It is the part that perceives reality, making sense of all the information around...

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