What Is Intelligence? Where Does it Begin? - YouTube
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Artificial intelligence (AI) has been around since the 1950s. The original pioneers dreamed of a computer that could perform tasks like humans, such as playing chess or translating...
Deep learning is just one kind of AI, where AI is loosely inspired by the way our brains work.
Some AIs use advanced statistics to help computers make predictions; others use logic to make deductions about their environment, while others simulate evolution or even swarms of bees to find solutions to difficult problems.
The more advanced AIs can recognise features in images better than us, give expert opinions more reliably than us, and play many games better than us.
But, AI can still not be made with the flexibility and learning capacity of the human brain. Neither do we understand how intelligence arises in humans, making it hard to match AIs with human intelligence.
In the intelligence field, there is a distinction between:
There's no age at which humans are performing at peak on all cognitive tasks - our various cognitive functions peak at different times and past a certain age it might make more sense to view adult intelligence not through the lens of youthful general processing speed and reasoning, but through the lens of expertise, wisdom, and purpose.
An easy way to understand the term is through the opposite of normal - which is "pathological" or abnormal.
There are four different criteria for defining abnormality:...
Social constructivism explains that the interaction people have with their environment creates all knowledge. The idea of normal is constructed through our relationship with our surroundings. It means people will always see normality and abnormality from a social point of view.
This theory may stir up an ethical and moral debate. It is society who ends up excluding behaviors, ideas, or characteristics through prejudice and criticism. This explains how the consideration of what is normal and abnormal has changed throughout history. Normality can be considered as the process for self-regulation.