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The Paleo Diet - A Beginner's Guide + Meal Plan

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/paleo-diet-meal-plan-and-menu

healthline.com

The Paleo Diet - A Beginner's Guide + Meal Plan
The paleo diet is designed to resemble what human hunter-gatherer ancestors ate thousands of years ago. Although it's impossible to know exactly what human ancestors ate in different parts of the world, researchers believe their diets consisted of whole foods.

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The Paleo Diet

The Paleo Diet

The basic concept of the paleo diet is to eat whole foods and avoid processed foods.

Studies suggest that this diet can lead to significant weight loss and major improvements in health.

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A general guideline

There is no one "right" way to eat for everyone.

Some eat a low-carb diet high in animal foods, while others follow a high-carb diet with lots of plants.

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Avoid these foods and ingredients:

Avoid these foods and ingredients:

  • Sugar and high-fructose corn syrup.
  • All Grains.
  • Legumes like beans and lentils.
  • Most Dairy, especially low-fat dairy.
  • Some vegetable oils like soybean, sunflower, cottonseed, corn, grapeseed, safflower and other oils.
  • Trans fats: "hydrogenated" or "partially hydrogenated" oils found in margarine and various processed foods.
  • Artificial sweeteners: Aspartame, sucralose, cyclamates, saccharin, acesulfame potassium. 
  • Highly processed foods: Everything labeled "diet" or "low-fat" or that has many additives.

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Foods to Eat on the Paleo Diet

  • Meat: Beef, lamb, chicken, turkey, pork and others.
  • Fish and seafood: Salmon, trout, haddock, shrimp, shellfish, etc. Choose wild-caught if you can.
  • Eggs: Choose free-range, pastured or omega-3 enriched eggs.
  • Vegetables: Broccoli, kale, peppers, onions, carrots, tomatoes, etc.
  • Fruits: Apples, bananas, oranges, pears, avocados, strawberries, blueberries and more.
  • Tubers: Potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, turnips, etc.
  • Nuts and seeds: Almonds, macadamia nuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds and more.
  • Healthy fats and oils: Extra virgin olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil and others.
  • Salt and spices: Sea salt, garlic, turmeric, rosemary, etc.

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Modified Paleo Diets

You can use the paleo diet as a starting point, adding in a few other healthy foods like grass-fed butter and gluten-free grains. Even small amounts of red wine and dark chocolate can be added.
Water should be your drink of choice when following the paleo diet. Many people also drink tea and coffee, which is high in antioxidants.

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  • reduces the risk of heart disease
  • is associated with a lower level of the "bad" cholesterol
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Key components of the Mediterranean diet

  • Eating of primarily plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts
  • Replacing butter with healthy fats such as olive oil and canola oil
  • Using herbs and spices instead of salt to flavor foods
  • Limiting red meat to no more than a few times a month
  • Eating fish and poultry at least twice a week
  • Enjoying meals with family and friends
  • Drinking red wine in moderation (optional)
  • Getting plenty of exercise.

The Paleo Diet

It consists of cutting modern foods from your diet and returning to the way of the early hunter-gatherer ancestors.

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The paleo diet and research

Researchers found that the paleo diet led to more short-term improvements in some risk factors for chronic disease.

There is not enough evidence to make any strong claims, especially its longterm effects.

Foods to Eat and Avoid

Eat: Lean cuts of beef, pork, and poultry and game animals, eggs, fish fruit, not starchy vegetables, nuts and seeds and olive, flaxseed or walnut oil.

Avoid: Processed foods, dairy, grains, legumes, starchy vegetables, sugar, artificial sugars and fruit juices.

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The Paleo Diet

The Paleo Diet is an effort to go back to eating how we’re biologically designed to eat, allowing us to tap into our genetic potential and start living healthier immediately.

Lose weight on the Paleo Diet

  1. Eat fewer calories than you burn every day.
  2. Eat mostly real food if you want to be healthy.
  3. Do those two things consistently for a decade to KEEP the weight off.

When you only eat real food and avoid all unhealthy food, you’re more likely than not going to run a caloric deficit – and thus lose weight.

Eat the following:

  • Meat – GRASS-FED, not grain-fed. 
  • Fowl – Chicken, duck, hen, turkey.
  • Fish – Wild fish, as mercury and other toxins can be an issue in farmed fish
  • Eggs – Omega-3 enriched cage free eggs.
  • Vegetables – As long as they’re not deep-fried, eat as many as you want.
  • Oils – Olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil – think natural.
  • Fruits – Fruits have natural sugar, and can be higher in calories, so limit if you’re trying to lose weight.
  • Nuts – High in calories, so they’re good for a snack only.
  • Tubers – Sweet potatoes and yams. Higher in calories and carbs.