17 Ways Our Mind Plays Tricks On Us🧠 - Deepstash

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1. 🔦Spotlight effect

1. 🔦Spotlight effect

We overestimate how much attention people pay to our words and appearance. But in reality, everyone thinks what others think of them.

Ex: Ankur is worried that everyone will hate his new shoes.

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2. 👀Third-person effect

2. 👀Third-person effect

We believe that others are more influenced by social media and mass media than we are. And we often judge them.

Ex: "You are clearly watching a lot of news"

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3. 💰Status Quo bias

3. 💰Status Quo bias

We prefer things to stay the same; change is mostly considered a negative thing. And often change is uncomfortable

Ex: "Ankur continues to be friends with toxic people because they are childhood friends."

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4. 💪Survivorship Bias

4. 💪Survivorship Bias

We assume that the stories of those who survived are the entire story. Because the "dead" are not there to share any story and hence we don't really know of them...

Ex: "So many unicorns are being made every day. Entrepreneurship must be really awesome."

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5. 📝Zeigarnik Effect

5. 📝Zeigarnik Effect

We remember incomplete tasks more than completed tasks. It also applies to our successes and failures.

Ex: "Ankur continues to feel guilty that he hasn't finished those 2 tasks, ignoring that he has finished 10 others."

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6. 🍥Ikea Effect

6. 🍥Ikea Effect

We tend to place a higher value on things that we have worked on ourselves.

Ex: "Isn't the cake awesome? I made it."

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7. 😔Pessimism Bias

7. 😔Pessimism Bias

We tend to overestimate the probability of bad outcomes. Because by default our brain leans toward negative probability.

Ex: "I am sure I won't find a cab in time for the interview."

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8. 🖼️Framing Effect

8. 🖼️Framing Effect

We draw different conclusions from the same information, basis how the information is presented. And that makes all the difference.

Ex: "Only 5% of Indians invest in the stock market. There must be something wrong with it.

Only 5% of Indians invest in the stock market. Imagine the potential."

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9. 🔮Declinism

9. 🔮Declinism

We tend to think that the past was better than the future will be.

Ex: "In our times, we had a lot more patience."

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10. 📉Sunk Cost Fallacy

10. 📉Sunk Cost Fallacy

We invest more in things that have cost us something, even if we face negative outcomes. The sunk cost fallacy occurs because we are not purely rational decision-makers and are often influenced by our emotions.

Ex: "Ankur is still holding on to that stock investment with a -80% return. In fact, he is investing more."

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11. 💰Gambler's Fallacy

11. 💰Gambler's Fallacy

We think future possibilities are affected by past events, even though they are independent.

Ex: "Ankur is tossing the coin and heads have come up 9 times. Now it will tail for sure."

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12. 🔍Google Effect

12. 🔍Google Effect

We tend to forget things that we can easily search for.

Ex: "What was that movie name? God, I just read about it yesterday!"

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13. 📖Curse of knowledge

13. 📖Curse of knowledge

Once we know something, we think that everyone else also knows it.

Ex: "I shouldn't share this content. It's so basic. Everyone knows this."

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14. 👨‍🦰Self-serving Bias

14. 👨‍🦰Self-serving Bias

Our failures are sensational, but our success is our hard work.

Ex: "I passed that exam because I worked hard. I failed that interview because I got late."

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15. 🧑‍⚖️Fundamental Attribution Error

15. 🧑‍⚖️Fundamental Attribution Error

We judge others on their personality or behavior, but we judge ourselves on the situation.

Ex: "Ankur is poor. He must be lazy. I am poor because I did not get the right opportunities."

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16. 🧑‍🤝‍🧑In-group favoritism

16. 🧑‍🤝‍🧑In-group favoritism

We tend to agree more with folks in our group, than outside of our group.

Ex: "Ankur is from Delhi, so I like him more than someone from Mumbai. Because I am from Delhi."

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17. 🧑‍🦯Blind Spot Bias

17. 🧑‍🦯Blind Spot Bias

We don't think we have biases. But we see it in others.

Ex: "I am not biased."

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ROBERTSON DAVIES

Awareness of these biases is the first step then.

"The eye sees only what the mind is prepared to comprehend."

ROBERTSON DAVIES

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CURATED BY

ideallyadarsh

An ordinary boy who is indiscriminately passionate about many things, develops the frontend of websites, a graphics designer, a bibliophile, Loves to learn and grow, and write. | In search of infinity!

I wish we were taught about these biases in school, in addition to what school taught us. These biases prepare us for life in more ways than the curriculum does. - Ankur Warikoo

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