10 Common Learning Myths That Might Be Holding You Back | InformED - Deepstash

deepstash

Beta

deepstash

Beta

Deepstash brings you key ideas from the most inspiring articles like this one:

Read more efficiently

Save what inspires you

Remember anything

10 Common Learning Myths That Might Be Holding You Back | InformED

https://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/features/10-common-learning-myths-might-holding-back/

opencolleges.edu.au

10 Common Learning Myths That Might Be Holding You Back | InformED
Science is constantly changing, and although we've come a long way since the days when it was widely believed that older people couldn't learn new things, a number of learning myths have stood the test of time despite having no grounding in scientific research. Tom Bennett-teacher, author, and director of ResearchED-points out that there are...

10

Key Ideas

Save all ideas

Re-reading and highlighting

Both of these study strategies are relatively ineffective. Passively reading the same text over and over again won’t do much for recall unless it’s spaced out over time. 

1946 SAVES


VIEW

Different learning styles

Systematic studies of learning styles have consistently found no evidence or very weak evidence to support the idea that matching the material to a student’s learning style is more effective.

1490 SAVES


Right or left-brained

There is no conclusive evidence that people preferentially use the left or right hemisphere.

Certain functions are processed more by one region of the brain than others, and this is known as lateralization. But we all use our entire brain equally.

1457 SAVES


The 10,000-hour rule

There’s no magic number of hours that will turn you into an expert .

A Princeton study found that deliberate practice can only predict success in fields with stable structures where the rules never change, such as tennis, chess, or classical music. In less stable fields, mastery requires more than just practice.

1727 SAVES


Sticking with your first answer

One study found that 75 % of college students and 55 % of instructors believe that changing their initial answer would lower their score overall.

A review of 33 studies found that, on average, people who change their answers score higher on tests than those who don’t. 

1711 SAVES


Intelligence as a fixed trait

A growing body of research shows that our IQ can increase over time, and in fact, research on growth mindset by Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck shows that our beliefs about intelligence can actually affect our effort, and in turn, our performance.

1896 SAVES


Praising intelligence

Research on the growth mindset by Carol Dweck found that praise can actually be counterproductive and discourage people from taking risks.

Dweck’s research shows that praising effort and persistence is a much better way to motivate people.

1800 SAVES


10 % of our brain

The theory stating that we only use 10 % of our brain is an urban legend. It seems to have originated from the 1930s self-help book “How to win friends and influence people,” (Dale Carnegie) in which a Harvard University professor was misquoted.

1463 SAVES


The learning pyramid

The theory says that people remember 10 % of what they read, 20 % of what they hear, 30 % of what they see, 50 % of what they see and hear, 70 % of what they say and write, and 90 % of what they do or teach others.

This is never actually been proven and the percentages given are pure fiction.

1723 SAVES


Shortcuts to better learning

Despite all the learning fads that have come and gone, from mindfulness to brain training games and exercises, learning is and will always be a process. It requires time and effort and is bound to feel difficult and uncomfortable at times.

1730 SAVES


SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Styles of learning

The concept of learning styles--such as visual versus verbal or active versus reflective--is commonplace, but it turns out that there is little evidence to ...

Right-brained or left-brained

Research doesn’t strongly support this concept of the lateral brain--or that people have a dominant side of the brain that dictates how we learn.  

Even in simple actions, both hemispheres of the brain are engaged. 

"Exercises" that will make you smarter

"One minute playing Mozart will make your baby a genius, the next crosswords will fend off your mental decline"... The research behind these claims is weak. 

Learning methods are not so much based upon how the brain is structured, but based upon our experiences. Our experiences do affect brain development. The wiring of the brain depends upon the experiences we have.

Using 10% of our brains

Using 10% of our brains

The source of this figure isn't entirely clear.

People's capacity to develop any skill is a combination of practice and talent. A person can get quite good at almost any skill if th...

Left-brained or right-brained

People used to speak of being left or right-brain dominant (where the left brain is more logical and algorithmic, and the right brain more artistic and intuitive).

However, both hemispheres of your brain are involved in all of the complex work you do. The most effective thinkers are the ones who learn to rely on both their intuitive judgments as well as their reasoning.

Emotions and rational thinking

The theory goes that emotions reflect a more primitive form of thinking and that good thinking is only logical.

However, when faced with risky decisions, it is possible to talk yourself into almost anything. But, even a little anxiety in that situation can provide information too valuable to ignore.

one more idea

Set Learning Styles

There’s no research to support learning styles. 

How to really learn: Match your content to the process - students should learn music by listening to music, while students should ...

Rereading Material

How to really learn: Instead of rereading, highlighting, or underlining important information, ask yourself:

  • ‘What is the author trying to say?’ 
  • 'How is this different than other things I’ve read?’ 
  • 'How does this relate to other material I know?’ 

Focusing On One Subject At A Time

When it comes to learning a difficult subject, people often believe you should practice one thing at a time.

How to really learn: Mixing it up, however, is a better approach. In mixed learning, you get a chance to see the core idea below it.