Learn more about philosophy with this collection
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For us, real things are material things which are made up of matter that we can somehow see, like objects, trees, atoms etc.
While invisible, immaterial things like gods, demons, heavens and hells are considered simply as beliefs- subjective things that exist only in the realm of the mind.
To be real, a thing must exist objectively, in some visible, material form, whether our minds can percieve it or not.
Human things- peoples, cities, societies, cultures, economy. We think that we're special and that we're the only ones who have things like language, reason, free will.
By contrast, non human things to us are just part of nature, a mere environment of things that we feel entitled to use however we want.
In our real world being a human means being an individual, one who lives ultimately for oneself. We think that nature has made us this way, to thrive and compete with other individuals for life's important resources.
But this real world of ours in neither timeless nor universal. It's just one of countless real worlds that humans have experienced in history.
Key aspects of their real world-
The whole Athenian way of being human was radically different from our own. Life in Athens was sustained by "cosmic ecology", a symbiotic ecology of gods, motherland and people. This was practiced by ancient Egyptians, ancient Chinese, and people of many pre colonial societies.
To us, their real world looks strange, bizarre and unreal. Our real world's uniqueness comes from the scientific revolution, capitalism and the enlightement.
We assume that our reality is the one true reality because all of the past civilizations were founded on myths, illusions and false ideas about reality.
We think modern sciences provide the only truly objective knowledge of reality but the very idea of objective reality is been debated by experts from various fields for over a century.
Reality is something that humans actively participate in producing when their minds interact with the environment. Every people in the past had to devise a model of the real world which they would use as a basis for their whole values and lives. If that model proved to be sustainable then it became internalized in the mind and baked into the environment and the effect of a stable real world would be generated.
Therefor, no human being has ever experienced a truly objective reality. Each of us are shaped by whatever model of the world happens to be embedded in the minds and the environment.
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