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About Digital Minimalism Book
A New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Publishers Weekly, and USA Today bestseller
"Newport is making a bid to be the Marie Kondo of technology: someone with an actual plan for helping you realize the digital pursuits that do, and don't, bring value to your life."--Ezra Klein, Vox
Minimalism is the art of knowing how much is just enough. Digital minimalism applies this idea to our personal technology. It's the key to living a focused life in an increasingly noisy world.
In this timely and enlightening book, the bestselling author of Deep Work introduces a philosophy for technology use that has already improved countless lives.
Digital minimalists are all around us. They're the calm, happy people who can hold long conversations without furtive glances at their phones. They can get lost in a good book, a woodworking project, or a leisurely morning run. They can have fun with friends and family without the obsessive urge to document the experience. They stay informed about the news of the day, but don't feel overwhelmed by it. They don't experience "fear of missing out" because they already know which activities provide them meaning and satisfaction.
Now, Newport gives us a name for this quiet movement, and makes a persuasive case for its urgency in our tech-saturated world. Common sense tips, like turning off notifications, or occasional rituals like observing a digital sabbath, don't go far enough in helping us take back control of our technological lives, and attempts to unplug completely are complicated by the demands of family, friends and work. What we need instead is a thoughtful method to decide what tools to use, for what purposes, and under what conditions.
Drawing on a diverse array of real-life examples, from Amish farmers to harried parents to Silicon Valley programmers, Newport identifies the common practices of digital minimalists and the ideas that underpin them. He shows how digital minimalists are rethinking their relationship to social media, rediscovering the pleasures of the offline world, and reconnecting with their inner selves through regular periods of solitude. He then shares strategies for integrating these practices into your life, starting with a thirty-day "digital declutter" process that has already helped thousands feel less overwhelmed and more in control.
Technology is intrinsically neither good nor bad. The key is using it to support your goals and values, rather than letting it use you. This book shows the way.
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There are three steps towards digital decluttering:
1. Define your technology rules
2. Take a thirty-day break from everything digital
3. Reintroduce digital products, one by one
Only after this cleansing and period of introspection will you truly figure out what parts of technology you deeply value and which are irrelevant to your life. After cherry-picking those select few services which will truly help you achieve your long-term goals, you also have to ponder on how you’re going to use it going forward to minimize its harms and maximize its values.
Seemingly small environmental factors can lead to big behavioral changes. And behavioral addictions - repeated, regular behaviors - are akin to substance addictions. We follow them subordinately and without much thought.
In order to prevent bad habits, we must fight our inner selves, or, as Plato’s chariot metaphor would say:
Our soul is a chariot reining two horses, our better nature and our baser impulses. We must strive to empower the former while subduing the latter.
Intermittent positive reinforcement revolves around receiving rewards at an inconsistent rate (think of a slot machine) rather than receiving them as a guaranteed result of certain actions (if I do my homework, I will get an A).
It plays a big role in developing a habit, as rewards delivered unpredictably are more enticing to us than those delivered based on a known pattern.
Digital Minimalism outlines how we can obtain value from technology while limiting the drawbacks associated with digital clutter. Minimalism is the art of knowing how much is just enough. Digital minimalism applies this idea to our technology. It is the key to living a focused life in an increasingly noisy world. Cal Newport provides an outline of how excessive technology is ruining our leisure time and our interactions. The alternative is stripping your technology back to the minimal tools that improve your life and interactions with others.
“The tycoons of social media have to stop pretending that they’re friendly nerd gods building a better world and admit they’re just tobacco farmers in T-shirts selling an addictive product to children. Because, let’s face it, checking your “likes” is the new smoking.”
Digital Minimalism is not what standard technology articles suggest. Instead of a quick fix approach, digital minimalism should be a philosophy you live by. Specifically, a technology philosophy whereby you focus your online time on only a few crucial digital tools. Digital tools should not be used merely because they support something that a digital minimalist values. Instead, these tools must pass a tougher test. Is this tool the best way you can use technology to support your values?
Digital minimalism is an uncommon approach to technology. Minimalists do not just use technology whenever it provides any potential benefit, no matter how small. Minimalists are more concerned with protecting the large certainties in their lives. Sometimes technology might provide minor benefits but will impact our lives’ most critical things, e.g., face-to-face interactions.
“How do you simplify your digital life?” became very quickly the question of our generation. Between packed calendars, fulled out E-Mail inboxes, and the constant pull of social media and news it can feel like you really can't control your online time.
There is a particular rapid process to help you break your online bad habits and values - the digital declutter.
The first step is defining which "new technologies" fall into this "optional" category.
Make sure to evaluate the right technologies. Text messaging, Instagram or Facebook are examples of the types of technologies you need to evaluate; your microwave, fridge are not.
After the evaluation decide which of them are sufficiently "optional" that you can take a break for 30 days during the declutter process.
Consider the technology optional unless its temporary removal could harm your professional or personal life.
Example: If you stop checking your work email, it would harm your career.
Digital Minimalism isn't just Anti-Facebook, but a guide to escape from Virtual Reality and engage in real life with technology as an assistant, not as the master of our lives. ChatGPT is used to summarize and make bullet points.
this book is perfect if you're like me and want to spend more time in the real world again :)
This should not be a gradual process. Instead, a rapid transformation is a better process of digital decluttering. Here is the step-by-step process of decluttering provided by Cal Newport:
Put aside 30 days to take a break from technologies that are not essential.
Use these 30 days to learn new skills, activities and behaviors that you find meaningful.
At the end of the break, you can start reintroducing technologies by starting with your blank slate.
For each technology you reintroduce, you must determine the value it serves in your life and how you will maximize this value.
Do not view this period as a detox and nothing else. Instead, use this time to learn about yourself and your relationship with technology. Use it as a period to improve your relationship with the digital world.
Cal Newport explains that technology reduces the time you spend alone with your thoughts. Avoiding others’ minds intruding on your own is crucial for effective solitude. Solitude also requires you to move past reacting to information created by other people. Instead, you must focus on your own thoughts and experiences.
1. You will realize you are better able to establish new ideas
2. You will develop a better understanding of the self
3. You will obtain a closeness with others that you previously were unable to obtain.
Như Blaise Pascal đã nói thẳng:
"Tất cả các vấn đề của nhân loại đều bắt nguồn từ việc con người không thể ngồi yên lặng trong phòng một mình."
Cung cấp cho bộ não của bạn những khoảng thời gian yên tĩnh; xen kẽ giữa một mình và kết nối, chúng ta cần cả hai để phát triển. Tốt nhất là thỉnh thoảng nên tránh xa công nghệ - thường xuyên đi bộ, một mình, không bị phân tâm.
Hoạt động yêu thích của Nietzsche là đi dạo:
"Chỉ những suy nghĩ đạt được bằng cách đi bộ mới có giá trị."
Một cách khác để tận hưởng chính mình và khám phá suy nghĩ của mình là viết thư cho chính mình hoặc ghi nhật ký.
Con người chúng ta là những sợi dây kết nối để thành xã hội .
Tuy nhiên, các nghiên cứu chỉ ra rằng chúng ta càng kết nối nhiều hơn trên mạng xã hội, chúng ta càng có nhiều khả năng cảm thấy cô đơn , vì chúng làm mất đi khả năng giao tiếp xã hội thực sự.
Cần có sự kết nối , thay vì chỉ trò chuyện. Một mẹo để cải thiện giao tiếp mặt đối mặt là chia sẻ rằng bạn sẽ đến văn phòng hoặc quán cà phê vào một ngày và giờ nhất định và cho mọi người biết rằng họ có thể theo dõi.
Thói quen cũng áp dụng cho thời đại số. Và trong lĩnh vực này, Cal tin vào triết lý sử dụng sau:
"Mỗi công cụ số phải có một mục đích nhất định để cho phép bạn sử dụng nó và chịu sự ràng buộc nhất định."
Thói quen chắt lọc các dịch vụ số này nảy sinh từ niềm tin rằng sự mất tập chung là tốn kém và rằng việc tối ưu hóa là quan trọng.
This is great insight into how current politics are run and how they are so divisive. Jaron has a great book, also.
"The techno-philosopher Jaron Lanier convincingly argues that the primacy of anger and outrage online is, in some sense, an unavoidable feature of the medium: In an open marketplace for attention, darker emotions attract more eyeballs than positive and constructive thoughts. For heavy internet users, repeated interaction with this darkness can become a source of draining negativity—a steep price that many don’t even realize they’re paying to support their compulsive connectivity."
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