Jumping to conclusions: the inference-observation confusion - Ness Labs - Deepstash
Bite‑sized knowledge

Ideas from books, articles & podcasts.


Find us on

published 4 ideas

Jumping to conclusions: the inference-observation confusion - Ness Labs


Jumping to conclusions

We are all prone to jump to conclusions.

The psychological term for jumping to conclusions is "inference-observation confusion", meaning people make an inference but fail to label it as such, which results in faulty conclusions.

Jumping to conclusions often comes from our desire to sound compassionate and invested in what someone is telling us.

We may comment by saying "wow", or "what a shame" when we really have no idea how the person wants us to feel. Instead of sounding supportive, we may c...

  • Mind reading. By watching the behaviour and nonverbal communication, we assume we know how someone feels, even when there are other potential explanations.
  • Fortune telling. We predict an outcome without having enough evidence. For example, we don't...

It is impractical not to draw any conclusions. A middle ground between jumping to conclusions and not drawing any conclusion is to hold our thoughts in mind while leaving enough room to explore other alternatives.

Instead of mind reading by saying "I know exactly what ...

Discover and save more ideas by creating a


Deepstash account.

Develop a

reading habit

, save


and create an amazing

knowledge library