Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Deepstash

deepstash

Beta

deepstash

Beta

Deepstash brings you key ideas from the most inspiring articles like this one:

Read more efficiently

Save what inspires you

Remember anything

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

https://www.healthline.com/health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder

healthline.com

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that occurs after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. The event may involve a real or perceived threat of injury or death. Learn more on who's most at risk and what treatments are available.

9

Key Ideas

Save all ideas

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a mental health disorder that begins after a traumatic event. Events may include:

  • A natural disaster like a tornado
  • Military combat
  • Assault or abuse
  • An accident

PSTD is also known as "shell shock" or "battle fatigue." People with PSTD feel a heightened sense of danger. They are always in the fight-or-flight response mode, causing them to feel stressed or fearful, even in safe situations.

109 SAVES

255 READS


VIEW

PTSD symptoms

Words, sounds, or situations that remind you of trauma can trigger your symptoms. Symptom categories:

  • Intrusion: Flashbacks, where you relive the event. Clear, unpleasant memories or nightmares about the incident and intense distress when you think about the event.
  • Avoidance: Avoiding people, places, or situations that remind you of the event.
  • Arousal and reactivity: Trouble concentrating, easily startled, feeling of being on edge, irritability, moments of anger.
  • Cognition and mood: Negative thoughts, feelings of guilt, worry, blame, trouble remembering parts of the event, reduced interest in activities you enjoyed.

132 SAVES

227 READS


PTSD treatment

If you're diagnosed with PTSD, you will likely be prescribed therapy, medication, or both.

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or "talk therapy" helps you to process the traumatic event.
  • Exposure therapy lets you re-experience elements of the trauma in a safe environment. It desensitizes you to the event and lessens your symptoms.
  • Antidepressants, anti-anxiety drug**s, and sleep aids** may help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety.

106 SAVES

181 READS


PTSD causes

PTSD may cause changes to the brain. People with this disorder have a smaller hippocampus that is responsible for memory and emotion.

  • Medical PTSD is a life-threatening medical emergency that can be just as traumatic as a natural disaster.
  • Postpartum PTSD: Up to 4% of women experience STD after the birth of their child.

111 SAVES

163 READS


PTSD diagnosis

There is no specific test to diagnose PTSD. Diagnoses can be difficult because people may suppress the trauma or may be reluctant to talk about it. To be diagnosed with PTSD, you must experience all of the following symptoms for more than a month:

  • at least one re-experience symptom
  • at least one avoidance symptom
  • at least two arousal and reactivity symptoms
  • at least two cognition and mood symptoms

115 SAVES

141 READS


PSTD subtypes

  • Acute stress disorder (ASD) isn’t PTSD. It’s a cluster of symptoms like anxiety and avoidance that develop within a month after a traumatic event. Many people with ASD go on to develop PTSD.
  • Dissociative PTSD is when you detach yourself from the trauma.
  • Uncomplicated PTSD is when you have PTSD symptoms like re-experiencing the traumatic event and avoiding people and places related to the trauma. However, you don’t have any other mental health issues such as depression.
  • Comorbid PTSD involves symptoms of PTSD, along with another mental health disorder like depression, panic disorder, or a substance abuse problem.
  • “With derealization” means a person feels emotionally and physically detached from people and other experiences. They have trouble understanding the realities of their immediate surroundings.
  • “With delayed expression” means a person doesn’t meet the full PTSD criteria until at least six months after the event.

119 SAVES

190 READS


PTSD

  • Complex PTSD describes the emotional repercussions of continued and long-term trauma or multiple traumas.
  • PTSD in children. Children will generally recover from traumatic events, but some can have PTSD. Symptoms include nightmares, trouble sleeping, continued fear and sadness, irritability, avoiding people and places, continued negativity.
  • PTSD in teens. PTSD manifests as aggressive or irritable behavior. Teens may engage in risky activities like substance abuse, to cope. They may be reluctant to talk about their feelings.
  • PSTD dreams. People who lived through intense trauma may have trouble falling asleep. When they do, they may have regular nightmares about the event.

125 SAVES

174 READS


Coping with PTSD

Learn about PTSD to understand your feelings and how to deal with them.

  • Eat a balanced diet.
  • Get enough rest and exercise.
  • Avoid anything that increases your stress or anxiety.
  • If you have regular upsetting thoughts, are unable to control your actions, or fear you may hurt yourself or others, seek help right away.
  • Keep in mind that you are not alone. Support is available.

118 SAVES

166 READS


Living with someone with PTSD

PTSD affects those around them. The anger, fear, or other negative emotions can put a strain on the strongest relationships.

  • Learn all you can about PTSD so you can support your loved one.
  • Join a support group for family members of people living with PTSD.
  • Try to ensure proper treatment for your loved one.
  • Recognize and accept that living with someone who has PTSD isn't easy. Reach out if you need to.

115 SAVES

193 READS


SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Understanding Stress

  • Dealing with Stress is imperative as it is unavoidable in modern life.
  • Our work, family and our finances create daily stress and other external factors (like politics and terrorism) co...

Your Perception About Stress

With stress, the mind and the body are intrinsically linked. You can view stress as something that is wreaking havoc on your body (and it can) or as something that is giving you the strength and energy to overcome adversity.

Exposure to Stress

Regular exposure to stress in small quantities can prepare us to handle a big stressful event in our lives. Prepare yourself for stress by self-education about the stressful event, by doing some physically stressful activities like completing a marathon, or something you dread, like giving a speech.

Repeated exposure to mildly stressful conditions can alter your body’s biological response to stress, making you manage stress in a better way.

7 more ideas

Viktor Frankl

"In some ways suffering ceases to be suffering at the moment it finds a meaning."

Viktor Frankl

Moving forward

At this time in history, many people are wondering whether we will have a life again. Will we recover with dignity?

Science suggests that we will do more than recover: we will show immense capacity for resiliency and growth.

From Resilience to Growth

Resilience is the ability to maintain a relatively stable and healthy level of psychological and physical functioning during and after a very traumatic event.

Studies reveal that resilience is actually common and can be attained through multiple unexpected routes. Studies further show that the majority of trauma survivors do not develop PTSD, and most report unexpected growth from their experience.

The Meaning Of Life Using Logotherapy

Logotherapy originated in the 1930s as a counter-response to the prevalent theories of the time, and examines the physical, psychological and spiritual aspects of individuals. .

Its premise is that the strongest motivational force of an individual is to find a meaning in life and it was devised by Prof Viktor Frankl, an Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist.

The Spiritual Dimension of Meaning

Humans normally function on primal reactions like negative self-talk, emotional outbursts and irrational actions based on outside events and circumstances. The lost ‘spiritual’ dimension of meaning is brought forward by Logotherapy.