Vegans and vegetarians choose not to eat meat. However, veganism is stricter and also prohibits dairy, eggs, honey, and any other items that derive from animal products, such as leather and silk.
Both veganism and vegetarianism are growing in popularity. However, some people may find the differences between these two diets a little confusing, particularly as there are several variations of vegetarianism.
Vegetarianism is less strict than veganism. There are several variations of veg diet. They are:
Veganism is a stricter form of vegetarianism. Vegans avoid consuming or using any animal products or byproducts. The Vegan Society define veganism as “a way of living, which seeks to exclude, as far as is possible and practicable, all forms of exploitation of and cruelty to animals for food, clothing, or any other purpose.”
Vegans strictly avoid consuming any foods or beverages that contain:
Strict vegans also extend these principles beyond their diet and will try, where possible, to avoid any product that directly or indirectly involves the human use of animals. These products can include:
Scientific research suggests that vegetarian and vegan diets may offer several health benefits.
At the 6-month and 12-month follow-ups, participants in the diet group had significant reductions in body mass index (BMI ) and cholesterol levels compared with those in the normal care group.
A 2019 study also found an association between a healthful plant based diet and a lower risk of developing chronic kidney disease . Interestingly, those who followed an unhealthful plant based diet with a higher proportion of sugar-sweetened foods and refined grains had a significantly higher risk of chronic kidney disease.
Both diets offer similar health benefits and generally encourage people to eat more antioxidant-rich and nutrient-dense whole foods.
It is difficult to say which diet is more healthful because both diets have advantages and disadvantages.
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