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You may think it was your idea to keep your desk neat or speak up in a meeting, but your behavior was likely influenced by those in your network.
Once we understand social networks, we can use its power to shape workplaces for the better. You can turn an unhappy team into an innovative, collaborative one.
In addition, a network has ties between people.
The connections between individuals are what changes a group to a network.
Your experiences in the world is not only a product of your own desires, actions, and thoughts, but also a product of the desires, actions, and thoughts of people around you.
The things that are seemingly personal to you are actually very strongly influenced by similar traits in other people. You do have agency. You can choose what to do. But you're also affected by what others are doing. Both are true.
Studies have shown that you can take a group of people and connect them one way, and they'll be happy, cooperative, and innovative. You can take the same people and join them another way, with a different network topology, and they're unhappy, uncooperative, and stagnant.
The properties like innovation, for example, are then not just properties of individuals, but rather properties of collections of people.
To identify influential people, you need to define the kinds of interactions you're interested in.
For example, you might ask people about many different sorts of ties. "Who do you rely on to do your job well?" "Who do you hang out with after work?" "Who would you trust for a referral for a babysitter?" Then you could consider which individuals are structurally influential for this or that purpose and focus on them.
There are four ways in which online networks differ from offline networks.
People generally don't think inequality is good, but they may think it is unavoidable. Other people believe inequality can be quite corrosive and negatively affect the health of a community.
Inequality is not the same as the visibility of inequality. In companies, when equality is high, visibility is not harmful. When inequality is high, visibility is harmful. For example, if the wage gap between the CEO and the employee is about five times, then everyone can know what everyone else is making. Everyone then becomes happier and more cooperative. However, if the CEO makes 500 times that of the employee, do not publicize the inequality. That is very corrosive.
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Social structure is the organized set of social institutions and patterns of institutionalized relationships that together make up a society.
Social structures are not immediately vis...
The major social institutions include family, religion, education, media, law, politics, and economy. These are separate institutions that are interrelated and interdependent. Together they form the overarching social structure of a society.
There usually is a hierarchy to these relationships, which results in a power differential. The organization and operation of these social institutions result in other aspects of social structure, including socio-economic stratification.
The meso level can be seen in the social networks that are organized by social institutions and institutionalized social relationships.
Our social networks also show up in social stratification, where relations are structured by class differences, differences in educational attainment, and differences in levels of wealth. In turn, it may shape the kinds of opportunities available and foster behavioral norms that determine the direction of our lives.
The Marconi system made a radio link between systems, which was the size of a building. Eventually, people put up a radio system at a high point in the city, then those with the right kind of radio...
Phones need to be close to the base station for a good signal. Many cell towers mean you can talk to the one that's closest to you.
What is amazing about the development of cellular systems is that it automatically switched which base station the phone talks to as its location changed.